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Ontology is the philosophical be trained of questions about what is actual, i.e. what exist. In other words, the be trained of questions such as what are the fundamental parts in the world, and how are they related to equally other?
Unlike the philosophers, these researchers are not primarily interested in discussing if these things are the true essence, core of the system, or if the parts are more actual compared to the processes that take place within the system. Rather, they are, like Linnaeus, focused on discussing, analyzing and presenting a nomenclature and taxonomy. Once the things and concepts which are perceived to exist within a system have been described in writing, they also will be used to describe the system, for example when the researchers write down their arguments and results. This, in turn, enables the researchers to talk and exhange ideas more efficiently when they, for example, write articles and citations in academic documents. Consequently, it enhances the continued discussions and arguments in regards to the motive, aim and functions of that system.
Researchers in fields outside philosophy, for example, gene ontology and personal computer science, also use the term ontology in a similar way. When they speak about ontology, they refer to a collection of well-defined and recorded description of terms, items and relationships that exist within a determined container. For example, all things exist in a defined guidance system, adding the connection and hierarchy between these things.
One way of validating a press release about what exists, is to assess up on and tie the statement to arguments that we have already validated and thus know are true. For example, let us assume that we have agreed that the concept of numbers exist. Given this contract, we could advance our discussion and further agree that the concept of counting also exists.
It is hard (impossible?) to provide clear and definite answers to ontological questions, and to end up the ontological status of something. It is complicated to agree on what exists, and to provide rock-solid proof that something exists. Especially for the parts which are hard to measure and discuss in an objective way, such as the concept of motivation for example. Thus, an ontological firm does not only imply a discussion in regards to the firm itself but additionally a discussion about how it will be without doubt, if at all, to end up that the firm is actual. It isn't very an effortless problem to determine what ontology may aid us with, what kinds of questions can ontology aid us answer, and how can ontology aid us validate statements that we make in regards to the world around us and about what is actual and exists in this world?
Materialism is one of two regular branches of ontology. Philosophers and other scientists who stand by materialism confidence that drapery things, such as particles, chemical processes, and effort, are more actual, for example, than the human mind. They argue that reality exists regardless of human observers.
In summary, ontology focuses on what exists, the connection between what exists, and how we may discuss these kinds of questions. Ontology is in reality one of the foremost fundamental areas of be trained in philosophy. We have seen that it also is used in other, non-philosophical, academic disciplines, such as bioinformatics, and personal computer science. For the newbie, regardless whether he or she works in academia, ontological arguments will be perceived as overwhelming and hard to hold close. However, I wish this article has contributed to the next know-how of the concept of ontology, and made you appreciate it for what it's far: a tool to aid us discuss, argue, and better realise our world.
The etymology of the word ontology
The other major department of ontology is idealism. Philosophers and scientists who follow idealism confidence that immaterial phenomenon, such as the human mind and consciousness, are more actual, for example, than atoms and physical objects. They argue that reality is constructed in the minds of the observers.
Ontologically, how can we end up that something exists?
Examples of ontological arguments are, for example: "Physical drapery is more actual than, for example, the concept of love", and "There are normal parts. And it's far without doubt to describe the relationships between them." Ontological questions, thus, deal with whether or not parts exist, what they are, and what the relationships between them are. For example, is there such a factor as snow? Does snow and skis exist? If they exist, do they exist only in the mind of the observer, or do they exist even if there were no humans around? How in regards to the concept of skiing, does it exist too? If so, is skiing as actual as skis? What is the connection and without doubt hierarchy between snow, skis, and the process of skiing, in terms of what exists?
The word ontology derives from two Greek words. On the one hand onto-, which translate to "existence and being actual." On the other hand -logia, which translates to science and be trained. Hence, ontology is the scientific be trained of what exists, etymologically speaking.
There are other examples of research fields where the term ontology is used to describe the continued scientific endeavors. For example, the project to map out and describe the a must have parts in society, and their relationships, will be referred to as a social ontology. Here, the postulate is to realise and describe the underlying structures that affect people and corporations.
Gene ontology and others: The non-philosophical use of the term