History of the Garage Door

History of the Garage Door

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Rolling steel garage doors

Carriage condominium doors will also be seen in carriage houses near castles across the world commencing from the Culzean Castle in Scotland in-built the late 1700s to the Dundurn Castle in Canada in-built 1835.

Cornell Iron Works began making cast iron building fronts in New York City in the 1830s and 1840s, when merchants began asking for secure outside window and door coverings. In 1854, John Black Cornell took out the United States first coil up door patent. This slat door was counterweighted and connected by vertical rows of rivotted hinges.

Overhead elegance garage doors

Door supplies

Many sources point to C.G. Johnson as the inventor of the electric garage door opener in 1926. In 1936, Leno Martin invented one of the first one-piece overhead elegance garage doors. Martins invention consisted of the first T-iron pivot hardware. These new doors were more convenient and required less working room than the swing-out carriage condominium doors and even sliding tracks of the past.

Sliding tracks for bypassing doors were a restore, so long as there was sufficient room for the door to be moved to the left or right of the doorway. Space-saving designs needing less clearance quickly became available.

As the use of wheeled vehicles higher, storage of such vehicles became a necessity. In Old Testament instances around 450 B.C., entire citiesincluding Jerusalemwere dedicated to chariot storage around the globe peace instances. Wheeled south-pointing chariots used in ancient China were stored in gatehouses of government workshops, as discussed in writings around the globe the Jin Dynasty among 265 and 420 AD.

Materials used for garage doors changed over time as well. Like drawbridges and carriage condominium doors of the past, early garage doors were made of wood. Galvanized steel doors insulated with polystyrene foam were put into use in the 1970s. Fiberglass, composites and vinyl-covered aluminum followed.

Wikipedia. Odyssey. Mike Hanlan, The Chariot historys first personal transport idea, Gizmag, October 6, 2008. Wikipedia. South-pointing chariot. Jenne Joy. Historical Carriage House What is It? March thirteen, 2009. OCS Doors. Garage Doors as Architectural Elements. 2010. About.com. The History of the Automobile: The First Mass Producers of Cars The Assembly Line. Gareth Marples. The History of Garage Doors The Search for the Perfect Carriage House. September eleven, 2008. Dictionary.com. Garage. Guide to Garage Door Repair. The History of Garage Doors. Andrew Cornell, interview 9 February 2012. Andew M. Shanken (2005). From the gospel of efficiency to modernism: A history of Sweet's catalogue, 1906-1947. Design Issues. 21(2), 28-forty seven. Sweets Catalogue, 1906, Variety Manufacturing Company, doors, shutters, etc. 242-244. Available online from the Columbia University Libraries. Sweets Catalogue, 1906, George N. Cole, M.E. Cross Warehouse Doors, 247. Emma Heuton. Modern Doors: Know the Benefits of Garage Doors. Milton L. Cornell. Rolling Steel Door Manual for Sales Representatives circa 1940.

The phrase garage didnt seem in the English dictionary until 1902. The phrase is derived from the French verb garer, which suggests to cover or shield.

Openings to Victorian-era carriage houses were generally covered with double bi-parting doors hung on strap hinges that opened outward. To sustain carriage condominium doors from sagging on the ends, Z and X designs were incorporated.

In 1908, the Sears Roebuck catalog offered a conveyable garage and mail-order garage kits. Carriage condominium garage doors

Automobiles driving a gasoline engine came onto the scene in the late 1800s, and Henry Ford began mass producing vehicles in America in 1913.

Evidence of an upward-lifting sectional overhead door will also be show in the first Sweets Catalogue of 1906. The Sweets Catalogue began that year as an annual reference listing detailing building products, suppliers, and brands. In 1906, Variety Manufacturing Company was touting their cross horizontal folding door offering a single counterbalance weight. Glass sashing, iron framework, wood, galvanized iron coverings, and terra cotta fireproofing were all available decisions for the doors. Variety Manufacturing Company also featured the cross compound slide-up door available in wood and iron construction that required more headroom above the opening than the folding door described above. Both of Varietys doors were in-built two sections. The catalog entry mentions that these doors were large sufficient to be used for locomotive round-condominium purposes. The doors could be operated with one hand without any undue exertion driving a network of chains, hoists, counter weight and pulleys.

If Chinese gatehouses will also be compared to European castles, then it could also not be too far a stretch to claim drawbridges could also have been garage doors predecessors. Centuries ago, chariots, carriages, buggies and coaches entered with the aid of castle gatehouses and drawbridges. Carriage houses of the 18th and 19th Centuries

Doors on early garages were much like the doors on carriage houses or barns, double doors on strap hinges opening outward. Snow collected on the flooring steadily proved a barrier to smoothly opening such doors. Also, every day wear and tear that exercised hinges and pulled out screws quickly antiquated the structure. There were several problems with these doors. They were powerful to open in heavy snow, they tended to wear out quickly and come off their hinges, and they were just a simple a trouble to handle in many ways.

If the phrase garage will also be defined simply as a place to store wheeled gadgets, then the history of the garage and garage door spans millennia.
Storage of early wheeled vehicles

Despite the revolutionary strides of the garage door over the ages, nostalgia has lead to modern designs that reflect carriage condominium door forms of the past. Many brands of in recent instances offer sectional doors that experience the look of swing-out carriage condominium doors of the past.

As time went on, more and more carriage houses were built to store wheeled vehicles. In America, carriage houses were in-built early colonial instances. Carriage houses were rarely connected to properties and castles, in contrast to properties in recent instances with connected garages. The function of the carriage condominium, sometimes called a train condominium, translated into todays garage.

Sweets Catalogue of 1906 also traits the overhead Cross Horizontal Folding Doors offered by George N. Cole of Cross Warehouse Doors in New York City. These two-section doors fold up vertically. Categorized under warehouse doors, the company advertised their doors as appropriate for garages, stables, freight houses, express rooms, platforms, piers and warehouses. The catalog entry notes that the company was installing such doors to replace rolling steel doors.


At first, automobiles were kept in carriage houses next to the horses. Some car owners preferred paying a monthly fee for space in large parking garages, some publicly-owned and some privately owned. As more and more people began proudly owning cars, there arose a need for a brand new elegance of outbuilding in the direction of home.

Clark Bunnett, of England, had his own interlocking slat structure and commenced selling a spring balanced rolling shutter and door in America in the 1870s. The product was less costly and more simple to install than Cornells since it didnt need space for a counterweight. In response, Cornell took up manufacture of the cheaper door, as did J.G. Wilson, an Englishman who in the beginning arrived in America with Bunnett. Wilson started his own firm circa 1880. W.R. Kinnear also began manufacturing rolling steel doors in the late 1800s, taking experience of new platforms and machines to create interlocking rolling slat doors in wider widths.

Evidence points to wheeled vehicles in the 4th millennium B.C., with the first pictures of such gadgets dating among 3500 to 2250 B.C. Carriages and chariots are discussed in Homers Odyssey written in the 8th Century BC. Chariot racing was a major experience of the ancient Olympic Games which began in 776 BC.

Storing the automobile

As early as 1902, American manufacturersincluding Cornell Iron Works of Chicago, Illinois, and likely Thimblepublished catalogs offering a float over door, perhaps the first sectional door.

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