London’s Other Rivers – The Fleet

London's Other Rivers - The Fleet

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Perhaps additionally the principle primary known of Londons lost rivers, the River Fleet has had a lasting influence on instead an lousy lot of of Londons most familiar regions and landmarks. As with its two cousins to the west, the Tyburn and the Westbourne, the Fleet would have risen from the bigger ground of Hampstead in which the two ponds of Hampstead and Highgate can still be seen today. On its course it would have flowed through the placement we know as Kentish Town, Camden, Kings Cross and Farringdon, following the route of Farringdon Road and New Bridge Street to the site of Blackfriars Bridge.

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However, subsequent centuries of business and urban advancement, due its proximity to the guts of London, led to a degradation in the regions alongside the rivers banks causing the waterway to grow to be an open sewer. By the finish of the 17th century the river had been converted into the New Canal in an attempt to revive it, but, as this failed, its southern reaches were gradually culverted in the mid 18th century brought on by of a scarcity of use, formerly Blackfriars bridge was once sooner or later constructed on the rivers previous mouth. The middle section of the New Canal was once superseded by the Regents Canal in the early 19th century and the uppermost stretches were covered in the late 19th by advancement of the Hampstead suburbs. Despite all this, the buried river can still be seen emptying into the Thames at Blackfriars and will even be heard through grates just off of Farringdon Road.

The 2d portion of this article introduces the largest of Londons lost rivers and one which can be viewed to be integral to the expansion and success of the previous capital, the Fleet; a river which has been subsumed by the advancement of central London on the northern banks of the River Thames into which it would have emptied.

River Fleet

Stuart Mitchell 2012

The river has a rich and long history, from significant Roman settlements, adding what is thought to be the oldest tidal mill in the global, to the a essential series of Anglo-Saxon wells that lined its banks (much so that the river became referred to as the river of wells). It was once on a bridge over the river near latest Kings Cross that Boudicca is even meant to have in the end met her finish in conflict.

Just like many of Londons other lost rivers the Fleets presence could also be traced back through place names which are living on. Many of the streets in the vicinity convey a reference to the river itself or the wells and mills that could have existed alongside it; most primarily of course, Fleet Street, the historical home of the newsprint industry, which systems the previous river valley from the west. The location of Holborn, additionally simply to the west of the river is so named after the bourne (or one in all its tributaries), with Hol being a derivation of either previous or hole referring to its valley. Meanwhile, Clerkenwell, on its eastern banks is a noticeable reference back to the rivers previous wells. The call of the river itself refers to the Anglo-Saxon time period for a tidal inlet, brought on by it would have been, leading off from the tidal Thames.

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